Pregnancy represents many physical, hormonal, psychological changes and one of the most complex and powerful transformations that occur in a woman's life, and according to her evolution and adaptability it will have a significant influence on both the mother and development. of his son. How does pregnancy affect a pregnant woman's self-esteem? And it is that even if it is a moment of joy, so much change in the body can have consequences for the state of mind of the pregnant woman.
The self esteem It is the set of perceptions, images, thoughts, judgments and affects about ourselves. It is what I think and feel about myself. The satisfaction of each with respect to himself.
From a psychological point of view, pregnancy represents an important change in a woman's life. They are generally happy at this stage, but not all pregnant women experience it in the same way. 'Joy is the most commonly identified feeling among mothers, although it does not exclude the presence of anxiety, overwhelm / stress or sadness / depression at some point during their pregnancy or early puerperium', as extracted from the report 'Psychological and emotional aspects during pregnancy ', carried out by Irene Sastre Miras, from the Faculty of Nursing at the University of Valladolid (Spain).
The maternal self esteem It is defined as the value that a woman assigns to the evaluation that she makes of her role as a mother and has several components, namely:
- Ability to care
It is the skill perceived by the mother to meet the basic needs of the child, based on the experience of caring for and calming her baby. This perception that women have about their ability to care for their child is the component that has the highest correlation with global maternal self-esteem.
- General ability as a mother
It is the ability to take care of the baby and enjoy the task, which builds confidence and makes her feel like an effective mother who contributes successfully to the development of her offspring.
- Baby acceptance
Represents the ability to adjust the ideal (fantasy) image that develops of the baby during pregnancy to the real image when it is born. This will influence the adaptation to their new role, so observing your child's heart beating early or being able to look at the child's face in 3D ultrasounds allows you to contact him in a special way.
- Expected relationship with the baby
It is the relationship present in the maternal fantasy and it is confronted with the relationship that she lived with the newborn from birth, directly influencing the maternal self-esteem. The health of the baby depends on the affective exchange in this mother-child relationship, where both parties have just learned it.
- Feelings during pregnancy, labor and delivery
The feelings experienced by the mother in the early stage of motherhood could direct the mother's later attitude and behavior towards her child. Childbirth can cause distress in some women, so we must try to relieve the tension of mothers. This will have a significant impact on the health of the newborn, so a support person (father or doula) helps the mother to be able to attach to the child at birth.
- Parental acceptance
Being a mother entails the need to face very own and early feelings and the relationships she had with her parents in childhood influence her own later maternal behavior.
- Body image and health after delivery
Each mother adopts differently the physical changes that she may have suffered due to the pregnancy, the emotions that these changes generate and her adaptation to the new situation. In this case, accepting the change your body undergoes after pregnancy is a process that can present complications.
Nausea, vomiting, weight gain, or tiredness are very common pregnancy symptoms that can affect your quality of life. These symptoms, in addition to fear of childbirth, concern for the baby's health and doubts that arise about how the future parenting will be, can make you feel insecure or with low self-esteem.
It is very important to know how to increase self-esteem in pregnancy, which represents a fundamental aspect for a happy gestation and to give your baby the welcome it deserves, so we give you some recommendations:
1. Take care of yourself and beautify yourself during pregnancy
It is normal for you to gain weight, so you should have a balanced diet, drink plenty of water and do moderate physical exercise, if your doctor does not contraindicate it.
2. Talk about your fears and worries in these nine months
Communication with your partner is essential, he probably has the same doubts or fears; If you are a single mother, you can talk to your family or friends, the important thing is that you vent and tell your worries.
3. Take advantage of the pregnancy experience and share it
Take advantage of these months and try new activities for pregnant women. Contact with other pregnant women can be very useful and you will hear different experiences.
4. Accept naturally the changes you are experiencing
It is important that you identify and accept all the changes that are occurring. Sometimes they can be annoying, but they represent the whole process of your body's adaptation to pregnancy.
5. Keep a positive attitude during pregnancy
Consult with your doctor your doubts and enjoy your experience, since when you realize it in a few months you will already have your baby in your arms.
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