One of the greatest gifts that parents can give our children is transmitting a love for reading. This passion will allow them to be the happiest people traveling from one era to another, discovering places where they have not been, feeding their curiosity for the unknown ... And this idyll for literature is acquired in the earliest childhood. The short stories with pictograms They can become great allies to make children love books.
Have you ever shared one of these stories with small drawings throughout the text?
The stories with pictograms are those written stories that intersperse words with pictograms, that is, with small, very simple drawings that represent concepts or things. We cannot ignore that the word 'pictogram' is made up of 'picto', which comes from the Latin pictus (painted) and 'grama', which means letter. These convey a meaning, which tends to be very clear and universal, so that anyone who sees it interprets it in the same way.
These small illustrations are inserted within the text itself and substitute for certain words in the story. In this way, children, even if they cannot read the letters yet, they will be able to participate in its reading.
We cannot forget that, as stated in 'Pictograms in the process of teaching / learning literacy' (María Pérez Espinosa for Educational Publications) children have their first contact with written language long before they are literate, that is, long before they can read and write.
This is possible thanks to the activities that are done from the educational centers, but also from home. Reading short stories with pictograms is one of those exercises that helps children get closer to books before they even know how to read. And indeed, it has been shown to be a very useful prerequisite for the subsequent learning to read and write.
Pictogram stories are a very useful tool for young children, who cannot yet write or read, learn to interpret a text that we present to them and participate in their reading.
It is never too early to use pictogram stories with our children. Depending on the age of the little ones, we can adapt its use and enjoyment, to make the most of its possibilities.
- In the case of babies, the stories with pictograms are stories that we can read ourselves, as if they were any other story. By having drawings and colors, without a doubt Will attract attention of the kids. So the stories with pictograms are ideal for the first readings of babies and children.
- From 1 or 2 yearsWhen the children begin to say their first words and their first constructions of protofrases, we can read the stories with pictograms together, although we will still have to say out loud what the meaning of each of the illustrations is. However, as time passes and reading is repeated, children may remember some of the simpler pictures as they appear.
- It is from 3-4 years when children can read the pictograms with us. At this age, we will already be able to pause in reading each time one of these illustrations appears in the text. By pointing with the finger where we are going with the reading, children will be able to interpret the drawing and tell what it means.
- Once the children know how to read (from the age of 6, approximately) they can go reading both the written and the drawn parts. Adults, in any case, must guide them to understand those words that escape their understanding.
- When the children are older (7 or 8 years old) we can encourage them to create their own stories with pictograms. A very fun and beneficial creative activity for them.
You may already sense all the benefits of using pictogram short stories with children. But here are some more reasons that will encourage you to use these readings with your children.
1. Children get used to books from a very young age
Having a book in your hands, getting used to it and enjoying this hobby is a habit that we can instill in children from the time they are babies. By having pictures, the stories with pictograms are even more attractive for children, who pay attention to the colors, the figures and, when they are a little older, they participate in reading.
2. We work on visual discrimination
In the case of younger children, the pictograms are a visual exercise that puts into practice the ability to distinguish the different pictures and these from written words.
3. Teach them vocabulary and language
Thanks to the pictograms, the children learn new words that they did not know and discover how to use them according to the context.
4. Improve oral expression
Thanks to the children participating in the reading of the story, they learn to correctly structure the sentences. In a fun and simple way, they are understanding how sentences are formed (with a subject and a predicate), where one word ends and another begins ... They will soon apply this knowledge in their own language. Therefore, short stories with pictograms help children to improve their communication.
5. Work memory
With this type of story we also work on the memory of the children, since they must remember throughout the whole story that the pictogram they have seen means 'house' or 'flower'. It is also a very enjoyable way of working on the relationship between verbal memory and iconic memory, that is, of images.
6. Invite the children to make up stories
When we involve children in stories, we invite them to start their creative mind and to make up their own stories themselves (even if they don't even know how to write them yet).
7. A tool for children with language difficulties
Pictograms are often used as a very useful and frequent resource to help children with different types of language difficulties. Well known is the usefulness of pictograms, beyond stories, to help children with autism to understand daily routines and carry them out.
8. We build happy memories together
Every moment that we spend with our children and that allows us to get close to him and enjoy his company, will help us build very positive memories together. Therefore, these stories are also a great tool to strengthen the bond and relationship with the little ones in the house.
And for you to enjoy the wonderful stories with pictograms, here is a nice example. It is a story that talks to children about the changes that take place with the passing of the seasons, but it also talks about emotions such as joy to surprise. Enjoy it a lot!
[Read +: Poem with pictograms to learn the names of the months]
Once upon a time there was a worm named Nano. Nano was a very clumsy worm, she walked slowly, she tripped on all the stones and always fell. One day when autumn came, a great cloud quickly covered the sky and a great storm fell.
Nano ran out to go home, but ended up falling and hurting herself. Nano grabbed onto a leaf and started crying.
At home, at night, a great light began to shine in her room. Suddenly, the light transformed into a pretty fairy. Scared, Nano asked:
- Who you are?
And the fairy said:
- I am a fairy and my name is Nature. I have come to tell you that when spring comes a great miracle will happen.
Time passed and winter came. During the cold, the worms usually weave a thread around their body to form a cocoon, a house in which they stay locked up and warm from the cold.
Spring came and everything was dressed in green and flowers of many colors. After having been asleep all winter in her cocoon, Nano woke up and the cocoon melted.
Nano had healed and transformed into a happy butterfly. It had multicolored wings that moved and allowed it to fly.
That was the great miracle!
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