Teaching mathematics goes beyond school. Parents can show with simple and fun games that math is everywhere. The first thing is to have a positive attitude towards them. The second, to see in everyday elements an opportunity to do simple operations such as adding and subtracting.
1. Math in the street
To awaken your child's interest in mathematics, you can start by teaching him to recognize house numbers and license plates and asking him to read them aloud. He can also be taught to add, for example parked cars, puppies, traffic signs, etc.
2. In the park
ask him how many swings there are, how many children and an easy idea: tell him to count pebbles, make some holes in the ground or bring some glasses so that he begins to group them and thus begins to add and subtract.
3. Beans, tongs, buttons, or cereal
With any element of this type that you have in the house, that is solid, that there are many of them, you can play games to teach them to count and then to add and subtract.
4. Cardboard hands
Take a colored paper, cut out the shape of the two hands and stick them on a white paper leaving the fingers detached. The fingers are raised and lowered according to the operation to be performed. The results of the addition and subtraction of the fingers are written under the hands.
5. Egg box
For this game we will need large boxes and some buttons. It can be painted white or left as is. With a marker, write the numbers in order outside each hole. Mark the whole box like this. The child is asked to put the corresponding number of buttons in each hole, so he will be adding. Put a small container on the right side of each row. Ask him to remove the buttons from the holes in that row and deposit them. Then count them. There it will be adding again.
6. Adding machine
In Guiainfantil.com We already show you how this machine is made. You should have a cardboard for the board, two tubes of kitchen paper, soda lids, marker, a container and post-it. Assemble the board with the two tubes glued vertically, on two post it draw the two numbers to be added and glue them, each one corresponds to a tube, and draw the add sign between them. The child must deposit the number of caps in the tube that says the pos it and the caps will fall into the container. The child must count them and say the result.
7. Color elements
For example soda caps, plastic cutlery, glasses, etc. Draw only 10 initially and ask the child to group them by color, then count the number of elements in each group, play remove and put and the operations will begin.
Cookies, colored cereals. Put 5 initially, ask the child to count them, then to eat one, to recount them, to eat another and thus do subtractions.
Buy number cards or make some at home and have cards for the add, subtract, and equal signs and a blank card. If the clamps are made of wood, they can be painted in colors with a marker. The child must paste the corresponding number of tweezers on each card. Then put one card with its tweezers, next to the add sign, and the other card with its tweezers on the other side. For example: 3 +2, one card will have 3 clamps and the other 2. Ask him to remove the clamps from both cards and put all of them on the blank card and count them and say the result, for the example they must remain on the card 5 clips. It can also be done by subtracting.
Many games can be played with it. It helps the child to start counting, grouping and making associations. For example, if he already knows how to count, he may be asked to collect 20 balls and then take 5 out of them. He must recount them and say the result. That's how easy you have already done an addition and then a subtraction.
You can get him excited to invent his own games, they will come up with wonderful things.
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