It is no secret to anyone that we are exposed to a wide variety of infections worldwide. A clear example is that today the famous coronavirus strikes us. It is true that it is a highly contagious disease, but there are very simple measures that apparently not everyone knows about them and those who know do not apply them. We talk about these gestures that could prevent this and other pathologies from spreading rapidly. These are the diseases that can be avoided by washing the hands of children and adults.
Did you know that one of the areas of the human body that is most exposed to microorganisms is the hands? With our hands we touch everything. You wake up in the morning, pick up the phone to turn off the alarm, then cover your mouth because you just yawned, put on the slippers you left under the bed and can't reach for them, so you reach in to grab them, then open the door. toilet handle, open the toilet ...
And you keep cleaning, showering, and doing countless chores and travel until you get to work, college, or school. Could we tell me how many objects your hands have touched in this time interval that I describe to you? And not only yours, those of other people too, because it is clear that not only you touch the elevator button or the bus door ...
For all this, hand washing is the main measure to take to avoid contagion not only the coronavirus but also many other infectious diseases that I will list below:
- Upper and lower respiratory diseases, viral and bacterial
In this group we find pneumonia, bronchopneumonia, bronchitis, laryngotracheitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, flu, common cold, pertussis, diphtheria, influenza or Ah1N1.
These diseases are transmitted through the contact of secretions of a sick patient, through coughing. by the so-called fludge droplets, sneezing, ocular discharge that has been in contact with the hands of the healthy patient.
- Viral, bacterial and parasitic gastrointestinal diseases
Salmonellosis, amebiasis, shiguelosis, giardiasis or rotavirus.
They are transmitted through feces and food contaminated by lack of hygiene: after going to the bathroom or changing the diaper of a baby who is sick and / or handling of food by people who have not had adequate hand hygiene before cooking.
- Diseases in general
Conjunctivitis, viral hepatitis, measles, rubella, mumps, or chickenpox.
The rest of the diseases are exanthematic, that is, they are also transmitted by direct contact of secretions, sneezing or coughing from a sick person to a healthy person.
This simple gesture sometimes costs a lot, but after discovering what positive consequences it has for your health (avoiding all the diseases listed above), perhaps you should rethink incorporating this habit into your day to day and check if you do it correctly. We started.
1. Wet your hands with water.
2. Place a sufficient amount of soap on the palm of your hand to cover the entire surface of the hand.
3. Rotate the palms of your hands together.
4. Rub the palm of the right hand against the back of the left, interlocking the fingers and vice versa.
5. Now rub the palms of your fingers together, with the fingers intertwined.
6. It is the turn to rub the back of the fingers of one hand with the palm of the opposite hand.
7. In a rotational motion, rub the left thumb, catching it with the palm of the right hand and vice versa.
8. Now, the tips of the fingers of the right hand against the left hand and vice versa.
9. Rinse your hands with water.
10. Dry with a disposable towel.
11. Turn off the faucet with the disposable towel once you have dried yourself.
And now that we know the importance of handwashing to avoid contracting diseases and how to do it correctly, it is time to determine when we should take this action.
- It is important to wash your hands after using the bathroom.
- Before and after eating.
- After changing a baby's diaper.
- Before, during and after preparing food.
- If you spend time petting pets.
- After visiting sick people.
- Immediately after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.
- When you get home from school or work.
- During your workday, especially if you are a health professional.
In addition to taking all these precautions, it is also important that consider sanitizing the cell phone, since we constantly use it and it is a means of transporting microorganisms.
Remember that the main weapon to protect yourself against diseases is proper hand washing. In the event that you do not have soap and water, you should carry antibacterial gel with an alcohol concentration greater than 70%. So, there are no excuses, take care of your health now!
You can read more articles similar to Childhood illnesses that can be avoided with hand washing, in the category of Children's Diseases on site.