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One of the external factors that can negatively alter the normal development of the baby during pregnancy is rubella. Outside of pregnancy, this disease does not represent a greater risk since it manifests as an infection of medium severity. However, if the pregnant woman becomes infected, it can cause congenital diseases to the baby she carries.
According to the doctors, rubella is responsible for 80 percent of cases of congenital disorders in young children, with spontaneous abortions in 20 percent of the cases. For this reason, they recommend, from the first consultations of the pregnant woman, that extreme care be taken. It is important for women seeking pregnancy to be informed about rubella prevention.
Rubella or rubella is a mild viral disease that primarily affects the skin and lymph nodes. It is characterized by a pinkish rash on the skin, swollen glands, and joint pain, especially in adults. The rashes usually appear on the head to the feet, last about 3 days, and are accompanied by a slight fever.
Rubella can be transmitted between people through sneezing, coughing, or contact with contaminated surfaces (tissues, glasses, hands). The rubella vaccine is one of the best measures to prevent its spread. The possibility that an unvaccinated person will acquire the disease if they live with someone who has it is 90 percent. Once the disease is suffered, the patient acquires permanent immunity, so they are not infected by the virus again.
When a woman is seeking pregnancy and has not yet been vaccinated or has not had rubella before, she will need to discuss this with her doctor. Surely, the doctor will ask you for a blood test to know the dose of antibodies against rubella, and will indicate the vaccine against rubella before your patient becomes pregnant. Before, it was said that a woman had to wait up to three months before looking for a baby, but now it is argued that a month is enough for this. The application of the vaccine during pregnancy is not recommended. In the event that a woman is vaccinated without knowing that she is pregnant, she will have to tell her doctor as soon as possible.
The dangers of rubella to the fetus are most pronounced in early pregnancy. When rubella occurs after the fourth month of pregnancy, the chances that the future baby will suffer from an abnormality are minimal. When the pregnant woman contracts rubella there is a high risk that the fetus will be infected and develop the Congenital Rubella Syndrome that can cause the appearance of congenital defects in the baby, such as vision loss and blindness, hearing loss, heart disease, delay and cerebral palsy or difficulties when starting to walk. Also, babies can have low birth weight, diarrhea, pneumonia, and meningitis. The first two months are the most susceptible for the fetus, since it is a very important stage of fetal growth, with many organs and systems in full development, which can be damaged by the virus.
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